Read our guide to the temporary VAT reduction rate for the UK hospitality and tourism industry
Understand the temporary VAT cut, who it affects, and what to do next.
Why has the VAT rate been temporarily changed for some businesses?
Lockdown conditions were enforced to help slow the global and national spread of coronavirus COVID-19. Unfortunately for businesses reliant on social contact, such as the property and hospitality sectors, this meant significant disruption.
The changes mean a temporary reduction in the standard rate of VAT, from 20% to 5%, for some businesses.
When does the temporary VAT rate take effect?
The temporary VAT rate reduction takes effect from 15th July 2020 and will stay in place until 12th January 2021.
The temporary VAT rate cut changes and dates
Temporary VAT reduction from 20% to 5% starts
15th July 2020
Temporary VAT reduction ends (VAT rate returns to normal rate)
12th January 2021
Does the temporary VAT rate cut affect the VAT Flat Rate Scheme?
Yes, it does. The temporary changes mean that some rates covered by the VAT Flat Rate Scheme (FRS) have changed. This enables VAT FRS users to benefit from the temporary reduction in the standard VAT rate as well.
The VAT cut affects VAT registered businesses in certain sectors, and their customers. The government describe it as being for the benefit of:
“Organisations that make supplies of hospitality, hotel and holiday accommodation and admission to certain attractions, and their advisers.”
If you’re VAT registered, and normally charge VAT at the standard rate on the items below this applies to you. If you ‘make a supply’ of the items listed below between 15th July 2020 and 12th January 2021, then you should charge VAT at 5%
food or non-alcoholic drinks which are sold and consumed on the premises (restaurants, cafes and pubs, for instance)
hot takeaway food and non-alcoholic drinks
sleeping accommodation which includes hotels and B&Bs or similar
pitch fees for caravans and tents, and associated facilities