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There’s no getting round the fact that every company or association must file accounts with Companies House, as well as submitting a Company Tax Return to HMRC.

Even if your company makes a loss one year and you don’t have any Corporation Tax to pay, you’ll still need to file your return and accounts as part of your statutory responsibilities.

As a business owner you probably already have a lot on your plate, so it might be welcome news that depending on the size of your company, you could be able to reduce the admin burden and send micro-entity accounts, rather than full accounts, to Companies House.

What are micro-entity accounts?

One of the reporting requirements for a limited company is that it submits accounts to Companies House each year. These documents are prepared after the end of the company’s financial year and show how it performed over the previous accounting period. This is something you simply can’t get out of, whether you’ve made a profit or loss, or even if your company is dormant.

If you qualify as a ‘micro company’ then you may be able to submit a simpler set of accounts instead, called micro-entity accounts. It has the potential to save you a lot of time and stress, because you won’t need to include so many documents, such as director’s reports.

Is this suitable for me?

Submitting micro-entity accounts could be the right choice if your company consists of yourself and a few members of staff, with no shareholders who need to know the ins and outs of your company’s performance.

You’ll still need to send statutory accounts to HMRC as part of your Company Tax Return!

 
It’s also worth noting that any business can still submit full accounts if they choose to do so, regardless of their size. In some cases it can be a good habit to get into, especially if you plan on expanding.

Can any company submit micro-entity accounts?

Only very small ‘micro’ companies can submit micro-entity accounts, so if you’re a medium sized or larger business, you’ll have to send off a full set of accounts.

How do I know if I qualify as a micro-company?

If your company meets 2 out of 3 of these requirements in the financial year, it will qualify as a micro-entity:

  • You have a turnover of £632,000 or less
  • A balance sheet total of £316,000 or less
  • 10 employees or less throughout the year

Who can’t submit accounts as a micro-entity?

Unfortunately, there are restrictions on who is able to submit micro-entity accounts to Companies House. You can’t use this method if your company is:

  • Not-for-profit
  • Public limited company
  • Limited liability partnership (LLP)
  • Investment undertakings (which look after a collective pool of investor assets)
  • Financial institutions (such as banks)
  • Subsidiaries of larger parent companies that are accounted for in the group’s accounts

How do I prepare micro-entity accounts?

If you qualify for micro-entity accounts but don’t know what to do, don’t panic! You’ll need to prepare the following:

  • A simplified balance sheet with footnotes which is signed by the director, and includes a statement to confirm it was prepared in line with micro-entity provisions
  • Abridged profit & loss accounts, starting from the gross profit (the profits you make after deducting costs), rather than the turnover (the amount of sales you make within a time period)
  • An auditor’s report (if you’re exempt from auditing, you might still choose to submit a report anyway)
  • Micro-entities are exempt from needing to include a director’s report, but again, you can choose to include one if you like

 

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What is the deadline for sending micro-entity accounts?

The due date for submitting accounts to Companies House depends on when the company was incorporated (registered).
 

Action Deadline
File first accounts with Companies House 21 months after the date registered with Companies House.
File annual accounts with Companies House 9 months after your company’s financial year has ended.

Are there disadvantages to submitting micro accounts?

They’re so quick and simple to do – and that comes with a price! Because micro-entity accounts contain so little information, it could deter lenders and credit agencies that you’re applying to for funding. This is because there will be less publicly available information about your company, so you might need to include more details as part of your funding application. It also makes it much harder for investors to see your company’s progress.

 
Learn more about our online accounting services for limited companies. Call 020 3355 4047 or get an instant online quote.

About The Author

Rachael Anderson

A creative content writer specialising across business, finance and software topics. I have a love for all things writing, and creating engaging, easy to understand content that helps everyday people! Learn more about Rachael.

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